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Male Genital Procedures

  • Standard Recovery Time:
    4-8+ weeks
  • Average Cost:
    Varies on the procedure
  • Anesthesia Required:
Male Genital Procedures

About Male Genital Procedures

Male genital procedures encompass a variety of surgical and non-surgical treatments aimed at enhancing the appearance and function of the male genitalia. These procedures can range from cosmetic surgeries, such as penis enlargement, to functional surgeries, such as circumcision and Peyronie’s disease treatment.

Commonly asked questions about Male Genital Procedures

1. What are male genital cosmetic surgeries?

The most popular surgeries among men are penis enlargement, penile elongation, penile girth enhancement, scrotal reduction, and testicular implants, with the most common surgeries being penis enlargement surgery, penile elongation, and penile girth enhancement.

2. What type of male genital cosmetic surgeries are there?

  • Penis enlargement – The Penuma (the only device that is FDA-cleared for penile cosmetic enhancement) is a crescent-shaped piece of medical-grade silicone that is put beneath your penis skin to lengthen and widen your penis.
  • Penile elongation – This procedure involves cutting the ligament that connects the base of the penis to the lower pelvis so that more of the penis is uncovered and therefore increasing length.
  • Penile girth enhancement – This procedure refers to adding thickness to the penis by removing fatty tissue from other areas of the body and injecting it under the skin of the penis.
  • Scrotoplasty – This is a surgical procedure used to repair or treat an existing scrotum or create a new one. Scrotoplasty can be performed on babies with birth abnormalities that impact scrotum anatomy or function, but it can also be done on adults for the following reasons:
    • Gender affirmation
    • Cosmetic reasons, such as scrotum skin tightness
    • Medical reasons, such as injury or congenital defects
  • Testicular implants/prosthesis – This is a scrotum implant that is inserted into an empty scrotum. Men who are born without a testicle or who have lost a testicle due to injury or disease may benefit from a testicular implant. It is used to improve appearance but does not function like a real testicle.

3. Am I a good candidate?

Penis enlargement surgery may be recommended to improve or restore sexual or urinary penile function in those with congenital or acquired micropenis (when an erect penis is less than 3 inches (7.5 cm), the condition is called “micropenis”). This type of procedure may also benefit men with Peyronie’s disease, a condition typically marked by crooked and/or painful erections and penile tissue damage during intercourse.

A man with a normal-sized penis may also be a good candidate for an enlargement surgery if he:

  • Believes that a bigger penis will boost his sexual performance and confidence
  • Feels that his penis is disproportionately small relative to the rest of his body
  • Has a medical condition that has caused penile shrinking
  • Has buried penis syndrome
  • Has a thin penile shaft
  • Feel emasculated by their lack of penile width
  • Has realistic expectations about the result of the surgery
  • Is in overall good health

You may be a good candidate for penile elongation and/or penile girth enhancement if you: 

  • Are embarrassed or self-conscious about the length and/or girth of your penis
  • Want to increase the length and/or girth of your penis
  • Have realistic expectations
  • Are in overall good health

You may be a good candidate for testicular prosthesis/implants if you:

  • Children with undescended testes or those who underwent testicular removal for other indications such as injury, tissue death, etc.
  • Twisted testicles
  • Individuals undergoing surgery for gender change
  • Have realistic expectations about the result of the surgery
  • Are in overall good health

You may be a good candidate for a scrotoplasty if you: 

  • Have a sagging scrotum due to aging
  • Have an enlarged scrotal sac
  • Have buried penis syndrome – the penis of the young infant is attached to his scrotum with an excess of skin. In older children and adults, buried penis can result from excess fat and fluid buildup around the scrotum.
  • Have penoscrotal webbing – a condition where the skin that connects the penis with the scrotum extends like a web along the underside of the penis shaft
  • Want to undergo gender affirmation surgery (female to male)

4. How are male genital cosmetic surgeries performed?

Penis enlargement surgery: 

Penuma is the only penis enhancement procedure that has been approved for commercial use by the FDA under the 510(k) regulation. The device has received FDA approval for cosmetic enhancement. The Penuma is a crescent-shaped piece of medical-grade silicone that is put beneath the skin of your penis to lengthen and widen your penis.

There are three sizes available: large, extra-large, and extra-extra-large.

The tissues that shape your penis are primarily made up of two types:

  • Two cylindrical sections of tissue that run parallel to each other along the top of your penis are known as the corpus cavernosa.
  • The corpus spongiosum is a cylinder of tissue that runs along the bottom of your penis and surrounds your urethra, which is where urine exits.

Your Penuma device will be custom-made to fit your individual penis. Like a sheath, it is put into your shaft over the corpora cavernosa. This is accomplished by making an incision slightly above the base of your penis in your groin area. The device stretches the skin and tissues of the penis to make it appear and feel larger.

Penile elongation surgery: 

The surgery is done under a general anesthetic. The internal component of your penis is released by severing a ligament that holds it in place. A muscular technique is also used to assure the surgery’s long-term effectiveness. If the region above your penis is too full and concealing the entire length of the penile shaft, liposuction may be recommended.

Penile girth enhancement: 

Fat injection is a common plastic surgery procedure that, in this case, enlarges the circumference or width of your penis. Penile enlargement surgery is performed under general anesthesia.  The fat is normally withdrawn from your abdomen and injected through one or more microscopic incisions under the foreskin (if present), right below the head of the penis. The stitches dissolve, and the incisions heal with little to no scarring.

Testicular implant surgery: 

The patient will be placed under either general or local anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in the lower part of the groin or upper scrotum and create a pouch for the prosthesis. The implant will then be fixed into place in the correct position. The incision will then be closed with stitches.


For gender affirmation – Scrotoplasty for gender affirmation typically includes creating a penis. A surgeon may use existing genital tissue to create a penis or the procedure may take skin from another part of your body. To construct the scrotum, the surgeon cuts and shapes the lower part of your labia majora into a scrotum-like sac.

After your scrotum heals, you may choose to get testicular implants during another procedure. These silicone gel or saltwater implants create the look and feel of testicles.

To treat buried penis and other problems The surgeon removes excess skin and tissue connecting your skin and penis. If needed, the surgeon may tighten ligaments that connect your scrotum to the base of your penis.

For cosmetic concerns – The patient will be placed under either general or local anesthesia. The surgeon will remove excess skin on the top portion of the scrotum and beneath the penis shaft. Muscle tightening and tissue grafts will be done if needed. The incision will be closed using sutures, and a bandage will be applied.

5. How long do male genital cosmetic surgeries take to complete?

The length of time it takes to complete your surgery depends on the type and complexity of your surgery and the technique used.

Penis enlargement: approx. 1 hour

Testicular implant/prosthesis: approx. 30 minutes

Penile elongation: approx. 1 hour

Penile girth enlargement: approx. 45 minutes to 1 hour

Scrotoplasty: approx. 30 minutes to 1 hour

6. What is the recovery like after male genital cosmetic surgeries?

Recovery will heavily depend on the type and complexity of the male genital cosmetic surgery performed. You may need to take pain medications, anti-inflammatories, or antibiotics to help you heal and manage pain and swelling after the procedure.

Recovery times vary significantly between patients. There may be some swelling and discomfort for one week after your procedure. Heavy lifting or physical work is not recommended for four weeks, and sexual activity should be avoided for approximately 6-8 weeks following surgery (again, depending on the procedure). Most patients can return to non-strenuous work within a few days.

7. How long do the results last?

The result of penis enlargement, scrotoplasty, penile girth enlargement, and penile elongation surgery are permanent. Testicular implants can last a lifetime, but you may need another surgery to modify the result as you age.

8. How much do male genital cosmetic surgeries cost in Canada?

The price of male genital cosmetic surgery will vary greatly from patient to patient as the type and complexity of the procedure is different for everyone.

Penis enlargement surgery – approx. $15,000

Testicular implant/prosthesis surgery – approx. $5,000+

Scrotoplasty – approx. $4,000- $8,000+

Penis elongation and/or girth enhancement surgery – approx. $5,000-$10,000+

9. What are the risks of male genital cosmetic surgeries?

As with any surgery, there are risks associated with cosmetic genital surgery. Risks vary depending on the type of surgery performed. Possible risks include:

  • Pain
  • Loss of sensation in the penis and surrounding areas
  • Suture detachment
  • Infection
  • Penile tissue blood clots
  • Misshapen, bulky, or curved penis
  • Nerve damage
  • Damage to urinary tract
  • Painful sex
  • Problems with sex
  • Scarring
  • Abscesses or nodules beneath the skin

10. Are there alternatives to male genital cosmetic surgeries?

There is an alternative to male cosmetic genital surgery if you want to avoid invasive surgery. Hyaluronic acid-based dermal fillers that are used to plump the lips and fill in skin wrinkles are also used to increase the penile length and girth. Fillers can be injected into the shaft of a penis to make it bigger. The results of this minimally invasive penis enlargement surgery are temporary and may require multiple treatments to achieve the degree of augmentation desired.