4. What are third party reproduction options?
There are different types of third party reproduction arrangements, that also allow for combinations between them. A few types of third party reproduction options include:
Egg Donation – This fertility treatment option is for individuals who, for various reasons, are unable to become pregnant using their eggs or do not have eggs of their own to use. An egg from a fertile woman is donated to an infertile woman using an assisted reproductive technology procedure such as IVF. The eggs from the donor are fertilized and the resulting embryos are transferred to the recipient’s uterus.
Sperm Donation – Sperm donation requires no hormonal treatment and is often used in intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF), as well as in combination with donor eggs. Typically, sperm samples are quarantined, and it is recommended to have sperm donors with excellent seminal quality.
Embryo Donation – When the gamete production system is damaged in both the male and female, using both donor eggs and donor sperm, also referred to as double-donor IVF, or receiving donated embryos can be a solution for future pregnancy.
Surrogacy – A gestational carrier, commonly known as a surrogate, is a third party fertility option in which a woman other than the intended mother provides a host uterus. There are two types of surrogacies, traditional surrogacy where the surrogate contributes the eggs and gestational surrogacy where the carrier does not contribute to the genetic material in the creation of the embryo. The surrogate carries the pregnancy to term and delivers the baby to the intended parents.