Dental Crowns & Bridges

  • Standard Recovery Time:
    3-10 days
  • Average Cost:
    $500-$3,000
  • Anesthesia Required:
    Potentially
Crowns and Bridges

About Dental Crowns & Bridges

Bridges and crowns are fixed prosthetic devices. Crowns and bridges are secured to natural teeth or dental implants and can only be removed by a dentist. This is in contrast to detachable devices like dentures, which you can take out and clean on a regular basis.

Commonly asked questions about Dental Crowns & Bridges

Before undertaking any procedure, you will want to be confident in your knowledge. Find the details on Dental Crowns & Bridges here.

1. What are crowns and bridges?

A dental bridge is used to repair the gap left by one or more missing teeth, whereas a crown is used to cover an existing tooth. One or more fake teeth are used as part of a bridge, which has a crown on each end.

2. Why are crowns and bridges done?

A dental crown acts as a “cap” over a broken tooth. A crown can be used to reinforce a tooth that is already weak and to enhance its appearance, shape, or alignment. Crowns are advised when:

  • Replacing large, outdated dental fillings when there aren’t enough natural teeth left
  • To prevent a fragile tooth from breaking
  • To rebuild a broken tooth 
  • To cover a tooth that is poorly shaped or discoloured 
  • To cover a tooth that has had root canal therapy

In comparison, a dental bridge is recommended if you are missing one or more teeth. Bridges are bonded to the surrounding natural teeth or dental implants. The anchors for the bridge are these teeth, which are referred to as abutments. The crowns that cover the abutments are connected to a replacement tooth, known as a pontic. You can choose the material for the bridge, just like you can with crowns.

3. Who is a good candidate for crowns and bridges?

The following conditions are frequently present in patients who are good candidates for dental crowns:

  • Broken, cracked, or fractured teeth
  • Large dental fillings that leave the walls of the teeth weak and brittle
  • Severe dental decay
  • A missing tooth due to it falling out or an extraction
  • Undersized or badly eroded teeth

A dental crown is required to protect the affected tooth in cases where patients have undergone root canal therapy for infection. In addition, it must be determined that you have excellent oral health and don’t need any emergency treatment for issues like cavities or periodontal disease.

Dental bridges are a wonderful option for patients who have one or more missing teeth through extractions or tooth loss. Additionally, they must have two healthy teeth in the mouth, one on either side of the gap where teeth are missing. The candidate is not suited for a traditional dental bridge if it is discovered that these teeth are weak in any way or may need future treatment, such as a root canal. This is due to the possibility that the teeth could become infected or weaken over time, making them unfit to support the bridge.

In addition to having good overall oral health, potential candidates for a dental bridge should not need any immediate dental work that needs to be done before the bridge can be placed.

 

4. How are crown and bridge procedures performed?

Bridges: 

  • Your dentist will file down the two good teeth to make room for the bridge if you have healthy teeth on either side of a missing tooth (or teeth). Dental implants may be surgically implanted if you don’t have enough teeth to support a bridge. In order to replace the natural tooth’s root, a dental implant, an artificial root composed of titanium metal, is placed in the jawbone.. The implant serves as an anchor to keep a bridge or artificial tooth in place.
  • After obtaining impressions of your teeth, your dentist creates a replica of your teeth also know as molds. The artificial tooth (or teeth) and two crowns are made to order using the model. This structure is known as a bridge.
  • Meanwhile, your dentist places a temporary bridge in your mouth to protect the exposed teeth and gums.
  • During your second appointment, your dentist will replace the temporary bridge in your mouth with your custom bridge. On either side of the missing tooth, the crowns are either fixed to your two healthy teeth or connected to dental implants.

Types of bridges

There are different types of dental bridges. Depending on the position of the lost tooth (or teeth), and the health of your teeth, mouth, and gums, your dentist or prosthodontist will advise the best option.

If there are healthy teeth on either side of the space where the tooth is missing, conventional bridges are used. Your dentist could suggest a single implant to replace a missing tooth between two healthy teeth as an alternative to a bridge. You won’t need to have your healthy teeth filed down in order to prepare them for crowns if you have an implant.

When several or all of your teeth are lost or when you don’t have enough healthy teeth to support a bridge, implant bridges are employed. Dental implants are used as anchors for a custom bridge. First, your dentist will decide if dental implants are the best option for you.

When teeth are lost in the front of the mouth, resin-bonded bridges—also called “Maryland” bridges—are used to replace the teeth. This form of bridge involves bonding the prosthetic teeth to metal bands and cementing them to the back of your natural teeth.

When just one side of the lost tooth or teeth has healthy teeth, a cantilever bridge is used. The artificial tooth is anchored over one or more of your nearby natural teeth during this treatment.

Crowns:

  • Typically, two dental appointments are needed. The affected tooth will be examined and prepared by the dentist. To look for indications of decay or damage to the tooth’s pulp, they may take X-rays of the tooth and the bone that supports it. Before attaching the crown, a root canal procedure is performed to remove the tooth pulp, which contains blood vessels, connective tissues, and nerves.
  • The dentist will numb the tooth and surrounding gum tissues to prepare the tooth for the crown. Although it is not necessary, especially if the tooth’s nerves have been removed, this step increases patient comfort. The structure of the harmed tooth will be filed down on all sides to make room for the crown.
  • The type of crown that will be used determines the extent of filing. Full metal crowns are less invasive than full porcelain or porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns because they are thinner. A composite material will be applied to restore the tooth’s structure for the crown if a sizable piece of the tooth is lost due to injury or disease.
  • The dentist will take bite impressions of the patient after trimming the tooth. The patient bites into a putty-like substance to take an impression of the teeth.  The dental lab that makes the crown will then receive the impressions. To make sure the crown blends in well with the patient’s natural teeth, a shade guide will be used.
  • The dentist will cover the tooth with a temporary crown made of resin or metal until the permanent crown is ready. When it comes time to place the permanent crown, the temporary crown will be taken off. The temporary crown is less stable than the permanent one; patients need to use caution when wearing it. It is advised to chew on a different side of the mouth and to stay away from hard and sticky meals.
  • The dentist may use a local anesthetic during the second session, although the procedure is usually painless. The temporary crown will be removed by the dentist, who will also clean the tooth. The permanent crown’s fit will be examined to make sure no additional changes are required. The dentist will then permanently glue the crown to the tooth once they are satisfied.

 

5. How long does a crown and bridge procedure take?

The procedure for installing a dental crown can take anywhere between one to two weeks, depending on you and your dentist’s availability.

A standard dental bridge typically requires at least two appointments with the dentist, each lasting an hour to an hour and a half.

6. What is the recovery like after a crown and bridge procedure?

It is normal to experience some mild pressure and short-term sensitivity to heat or cold after having a crown or bridge placed. Call your dentist’s office if after two to three days, your bite still seems uneven or if you have pain when chewing. Delaying the necessary corrections could result in permanent tooth damage. Ask your dentist’s office for advice if the sensitivity worsens over time or does not start to go away after a few weeks.

Other symptoms you might experience after your procedure include:

– Bleeding: Bleeding after surgery is normal, and it may continue for several hours after your appointment. Saliva with a pink or bloody tint may be visible for a couple of days after your surgery.

– Swelling: You may experience swelling the day after surgery and may get worse 2-3 days after your procedure. Swelling will decrease over the next 7-10 days. 

– Pain: You may experience some discomfort after your procedure, and your dentist may prescribe you some pain medication to alleviate your pain. 

 

7. How long do the results last?

Although they might last a lifetime, crowns and bridges can occasionally become loose or fall out. Maintaining good oral hygiene is the most crucial measure you can take to maintain the longevity of your crown or bridge. If the teeth or bone keeping a bridge in place are harmed by dental disease, the bridge may no longer be supported. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice a day and flossing once a day will keep your gums and teeth healthy. Additionally, schedule routine visits with your dentist and hygienist for examinations and expert cleanings.

To prevent damage to your new crown or bridge, avoid chewing hard foods, ice, or other hard objects.

8. What are the risks of a crown and bridge procedure?

If you have a loose crown, you’ll probably be able to tell since it will likely move and possibly dislocate while you speak or chew. This should not be ignored and should be corrected as soon as possible because it might irritate the mouth and gums.

One of the most common problems that can occur with dental bridges is food that catches underneath the bridge. This may happen if bone resorption alters how well your bridge fits. Bacterial growth could arise from this, which could cause gum disease and damage the teeth holding the bridge in place. A similar issue with bacteria and gingivitis can also be brought on by general tartar and plaque from inadequate oral maintenance. Additionally, be cautious when chewing tough foods, and avoid chewing ice because it can harm your bridge.

9. How much do crowns and bridges cost in Canada?

Because no two patients are the same, the average cost of a crown and bridge procedure in Canada can vary greatly depending on the complexity of your surgery. The average cost of crowns and bridges can range from $500-$3,000.

10. Are crowns and bridges worth it?

7/8 people who underwent a bridge procedure said it was worth it (88%)

– source: Realself.com

59/65 people who underwent a crown procedure said it was worth it (91%)

– source: Realself.com